CCES Unicamp

Construction of reduced order models for fluid flows using deep neural networks

Date: Jul 19, 2019, 13:30

Candidate: Hugo Felippe da Silva Lui

Advisor: William Roberto Wolf

Faculdade de Engenharia Mecânica – UNICAMP

A numerical methodology for construction of reduced-order models (ROMs) of fluid flows through the combination of flow modal decomposition and regression analysis is presented. Spectral proper orthogonal decomposition (SPOD) is applied to reduce the dimensionality of the model and, at the same time, filter the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) temporal modes. The regression step is performed by a deep feedforward neural network (DNN), in order to obtain a system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) which represents the dynamics of POD temporal modes. The current framework is implemented in a context similar to the sparse identification of nonlinear dynamics algorithm (SINDy). A discussion on the optimization of the DNN hyperparameters is provided for obtaining the best ROMs and an assessment of these models is presented for a canonical nonlinear oscillator and the compressible flow past a cylinder. Then, the method is tested on the reconstruction of a turbulent flow computed by a large eddy simulation of a plunging airfoil under dynamic stall.
The reduced-order model is able to capture the dynamics of the leading edge stall vortex and the subsequent trailing edge vortex. For the cases analyzed, the numerical framework allows the prediction of the flowfield beyond the training window using larger time increments than those employed by the full-order model. We also demonstrate the robustness of the current ROMs constructed via deep feedforward neural networks through a comparison with sparse regression. The DNN approach is able to learn transient features of the flow and presents more accurate and stable long-term predictions compared to the SINDy algorithm.

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