SP Collins, E Perim, TD Daff, MS Skaf, DS Galvao, TK Woo The Journal of Physical Chemistry C v123, 1050 (2019)
Materials for vehicular methane storage have been extensively studied, although no suitable material has been found. In this work, we use molecular simulation to investigate three types of carbon-based materials, Schwarzites, layered graphenes, and carbon nanoscrolls, for use in vehicular methane storage under adsorption conditions of 65 bar and 298 K and desorption conditions of 5.8 bar an
d 358 K. Ten different Schwarzites were tested and found to have high adsorption with maximums at 273 VSTP/V, but middling deliverable capacities of no more than 131 VSTP/V. Layered graphene and graphene nanoscrolls were found to have extremely high CH4 adsorption capacities of 355 and 339 VSTP/V, respectively, when the interlayer distance was optimized to 11 Å. The deliverable capacities of perfectly layered graphene and graphene nanoscrolls were also found to be exceptional with values of 266 and 252 VSTP/V, respectively, with optimized interlayer distances. These values make idealized graphene and nanoscrolls the record holders for adsorption and deliverable capacities under vehicular methane storage conditions.